MUSHROOMS

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT

Reducing Environmental Pollution by Bioconversion of Vast Quantities of Organic Wastes into Mushrooms Organic solid wastes are a kind of biomass, which are generated annually through the activities of the agricultural, forest and food processing industries. They consist mainly of three components: cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. The general term for these organic wastes is lignocellulose.  It is common knowledge that lignocellulosic wastes are available in abundance both in the rural and urban areas. They have insignificant or less commercial value and certainly no food value, at least in their original form. When carelessly disposed of in the surrounding environment by dumping or burning, these wastes are bound to lead  to environmental pollution and consequently health hazards. It should be recognised that the wastes are resources out of place and their proper management and utilization would lead to further economic growth as well. Recycling of Organic Wastes into Mushrooms, Biofertilizer and Biogas The ultimate aim in the applied aspects of any scientific endeavour is to integrate wherever possible the various disciplines of science as well as the technological processes in order that maximum benefits accrue from such efforts. Combined production of mushrooms, biogas and biofertilizer from the rural and urban organic wastes should be one of the aims of such integrated schemes that can eventually be put into profitable  operation. Though the conventional and established approaches towards the production of food, fertilizer and fuel exist, the explosive growth of the population vis-à-vis the rapid depletion of conventional fuel resources leads mankind to look for alternative sources for food, fertilizer and fuel. 

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