MUSHROOMS

The Strategies for Developing Mushroom Industries in the Asian and Pacific Region

(1). At the beginning, the strategy is not to use highly mechanized technologies as in the large mushroom farms in industrialized countries, but to promote cottage style enterprise for the rural poor in thousands of small mushrooms sheds, constructed using locally available materials ( like those used in China at the beginning of its mushroom industry).

(2). Then more towards gradual introduction and familiarization of the art of large scale commercial cultivation techniques. This was the path China followed from its humble beginnings to its current status as the world’s leading mushroom production powerhouse.

(3). Select appropriate target strains of different mushrooms grown on seasonal basis so that an attempt could be made to obtain yields all year-round.

(4). Make use of existing lignocellulosic residues and waste from agricultural activities and agroindustries.

(5). Create employment opportunities, particularly for women and the youth in rural areas, and control/reduce pollution.

(6). Emphasize quick-investment-return mushrooms, and select relatively fast growing species that can be harvested within 3 to 4 weeks after spawning, thus generating immediate benefits.

(7). Promote mushrooms species demonstrated to generate potent nutriceuticals with superior immune-enhancing attributes: species whose natural  products include unique bioactive compounds that can make people healthier and fitter. 

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